This Arizona State County Becomes Battleground in Republican vs Democrat 2024 War

Arizona’s Pima County, once a Democratic stronghold, has become ground zero in the 2024 presidential election, with Republicans making significant inroads. In a state decided by just 11,433 votes in 2020, Pima’s 460,000 voters could swing the national outcome. Understanding the factors driving this shift is crucial for predicting the course of the election and the future of American politics.

Pima County: A Microcosm of Arizona’s Political Shift:

Historically, Pima County, anchored by the liberal bastion of Tucson, has leaned heavily Democratic. In 2016, Hillary Clinton won 58% of the vote here, compared to Donald Trump’s 39%. However, recent years have witnessed a dramatic Republican surge:

  • Demographic Shifts: The county’s population has grown by 12% since 2010, with an influx of retirees and conservative-leaning individuals from states like California. This group now comprises 25% of Pima’s electorate.
  • Hispanic Voters: Traditionally Democratic, Hispanic voters are increasingly splitting their tickets. In 2020, Trump received 37% of the Hispanic vote in Pima County, up from 28% in 2016. Issues like immigration and border security are key drivers of this shift.
  • Suburbanization: Tucson’s sprawl has led to the development of more conservative-leaning suburbs, contributing to the GOP’s growing base.

Key Issues Shaping the 2024 Battleground:

  • Economy: Arizona’s economy, heavily reliant on tourism and service industries, suffered during the pandemic. Republicans, led by gubernatorial candidate Kari Lake, are focusing on economic recovery and tax cuts, while Democrats, like Congressman Raúl Grijalva, emphasize job creation and social safety nets.
  • Immigration: The issue remains a major fault line. Republicans like Lake advocate for stricter border security measures and a crackdown on illegal immigration, while Democrats like Grijalva push for a path to citizenship and humane treatment of migrants.
  • Education: Public education funding, curriculum, and teacher retention are critical concerns. Republicans criticize “woke” education policies, while Democrats advocate for increased funding and equitable access.
  • Healthcare: Access to affordable healthcare is a top concern. Republicans favor market-based solutions and reducing government involvement, while Democrats push for Medicare expansion and universal healthcare.
  • Climate Change: Arizona’s arid climate and vulnerability to wildfires make climate change a pressing issue. Democrats, like Senator Kyrsten Sinema, prioritize environmental protection and renewable energy, while Republicans focus on economic concerns and energy independence.

The Campaign Landscape:

  • National Attention: Pima County has drawn intense national scrutiny, with high-profile visits from both President Biden and potential GOP nominee Ron DeSantis.
  • Local Races: The congressional seat held by Democrat Grijalva and other local offices will be closely watched, serving as bellwethers for the national election.
  • Voter Mobilization: Both parties are engaged in intensive voter registration and mobilization efforts, targeting their respective bases and swing voters within the diverse Pima electorate.

Potential Impact on the 2024 Election:

  • Swing State Status: Arizona’s swing-state status makes Pima County’s outcome crucial. In 2020, Biden won Arizona by just 0.4%, and Pima County provided 10% of his statewide margin.
  • Momentum and Moral Victory: Winning Pima County would be a significant victory for either party, providing momentum and a symbolic boost in a close race.
  • National Implications: The results in Pima County could be indicative of broader trends in the electorate and influence campaign strategies across the country.


The 2024 election in Pima County promises to be a close and unpredictable race, with both parties having a legitimate shot at victory. The outcome will depend on how effectively they address the key issues, mobilize their base, and sway swing voters. Beyond the immediate election, the political shift in Pima County reflects broader trends in American politics and demographics, with significant implications for the future of the Republican and Democratic parties and the direction of the country.


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