Arkansas County is the oldest county in the state of Arkansas, established on December 13, 1813. It is located in the Arkansas Delta and has a population of over 17,000 people. The county seat is Stuttgart, and the largest city is DeWitt. The county has a rich history, dating back to the early days of European exploration of the Mississippi River Valley.
|December 13, 1813
|DeWitt and Stuttgart
|Site of the only American Revolutionary battle fought west of the Mississippi River
|Dual County Seat
|Unique arrangement with two county seats: DeWitt and Stuttgart
|Stuttgart Courthouse houses oldest records in Arkansas, dating back to 1796
|Renowned for fertile farmland, producing rice, soybeans, and cotton
|Arkansas Post National Memorial
|Commemorates earliest European settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley
|Stuttgart Agricultural Museum, Arkansas Post County Museum
|Education and Research
|Rice Belt Vo-Tech, University of Arkansas agricultural research experiment station
A Revolutionary Battleground
Arkansas County is etched in American history as the site of the only American Revolutionary battle fought west of the Mississippi River. In 1783, the Battle of Arkansas Post unfolded here, marking a pivotal moment in the fight for independence. The battle’s outcome secured control of the Mississippi River for the American colonists, weakening British influence in the region.
Dual County Seat: A Unique Distinction
Arkansas County stands out from other counties in Arkansas by having two county seats: DeWitt and Stuttgart. This unique arrangement reflects the county’s diverse geography and population distribution. DeWitt, located on the banks of the White River, serves as the county’s eastern hub, while Stuttgart, situated in the heart of the Arkansas Delta, acts as the western anchor.
Historic Courthouses: Guardians of Arkansas’s Past
Arkansas County boasts two historic courthouses, each with its own unique charm and significance. The Stuttgart Courthouse houses the oldest records in Arkansas, dating back to 1796 and written in Spanish. These precious documents offer a glimpse into the county’s early history and legal proceedings. The courthouse’s courtroom design is unconventional, with the witness facing the jury rather than standing beside the judge, a testament to the county’s rich legal heritage.
Agricultural Heritage: A Pillar of Arkansas County’s Economy
Arkansas County is renowned for its fertile farmland, contributing significantly to Arkansas’s agricultural output. Rice, soybeans, and cotton are among the primary crops cultivated in the region. The county’s agricultural prowess is evident in its vast fields and the numerous grain silos that dot the landscape.
Arkansas Post National Memorial: A Gateway to History
Gillett, Arkansas, is home to the Arkansas Post National Memorial, a designated site commemorating the earliest European settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley. Established in 1686, Arkansas Post served as a French trading post and a strategic outpost during the colonial era. The national memorial features a visitors’ center, exhibits, artifacts, and a trail showcasing the site’s historical significance.
Arkansas County offers a variety of cultural attractions that provide insights into the county’s heritage and traditions. The Stuttgart Agricultural Museum showcases the county’s agricultural history, with exhibits on farming techniques, equipment, and the evolution of agriculture in the region. The Arkansas Post County Museum delves deeper into the county’s rich history, with exhibits on Native American artifacts, early European settlements, and the Civil War.
Education and Research
Arkansas County embraces education and research, with the presence of Rice Belt Vo-Tech and a University of Arkansas agricultural research experiment station. Rice Belt Vo-Tech provides vocational and technical education, preparing students for careers in agriculture, technology, and other fields. The University of Arkansas agricultural research experiment station conducts research on crop production, pest management, and sustainable agriculture practices.
Here Are Some Interesting Facts About Arkansas County
- Arkansas County is the site of the only American Revolutionary battle fought west of the Mississippi River, the Battle of Arkansas Post.
- Arkansas County has two county seats: DeWitt and Stuttgart.
- The Stuttgart Courthouse houses the oldest records in Arkansas, dating back to 1796 and written in Spanish.
- Arkansas County is renowned for its fertile farmland, and it is a major producer of rice, soybeans, and cotton.
- Arkansas County is home to the Arkansas Post National Memorial, which commemorates the earliest European settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley.
- Arkansas County has a number of cultural attractions, including the Stuttgart Agricultural Museum and the Arkansas Post County Museum.
- Arkansas County is home to Rice Belt Vo-Tech and a University of Arkansas agricultural research experiment station.
Q. When was Arkansas County founded?
Arkansas County was founded on December 13, 1813, making it the oldest county in Arkansas.
Q. Where is Arkansas County located?
Arkansas County is located in the east-central part of Arkansas. It is bordered by the White River to the north, the Arkansas River to the east, the Mississippi River to the south, and Prairie County to the west.
Q. What is the racial makeup of Arkansas County?
The racial makeup of Arkansas County is 62.5% White, 32.8% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.8% of the population.
Q. What are the major manufacturing industries in Arkansas County?
Arkansas County is home to several manufacturing plants, including a steel mill and a paper mill.